Pakistani authorities detained the alleged mastermind of the 2008 Mumbai attacks on Wednesday as the country faces increased pressure to crack down on militants operating on its soil.
The arrest of Hafiz Saeed was welcomed by U.S. President Donald Trump, who next week will host Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan during his maiden visit to the White House.
"After a ten-year search, the so-called 'mastermind' of the Mumbai Terror attacks has been arrested in Pakistan," Trump wrote. "Great pressure has been exerted over the last two years to find him!"
Saeed, declared a global terrorist by the U.S. and the UN, and who had a 10 million U.S. dollars bounty on his head, has in fact never been missing, but has instead for years rotated in and out of detention in Pakistan, sometimes under house arrest, sometimes briefly arrested then released by authorities.
A pedestrian is silhouetted as he walks past the Trident Hotel, one of the targets of the 2008 Mumbai militant attacks, November 25, 2018. Ten years ago, Islamist militants from Pakistan laid siege to India's financial capital Mumbai for days, killing 166 people and injuring hundreds more. /VCG Photo
His latest arrest was carried out in eastern Pakistan by counter-terrorism forces, a security official with knowledge of the arrest said.
"Hafiz Saeed was going to Gujranwala to apply for bail in another case when he was arrested," said the official, who requested anonymity.
Another security official said the arrest relates to terror financing charges.
A spokesman for Saeed's group, Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD), a wing of the militant organization Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), confirmed the arrest but gave no further details.
Saeed has spent most of his time outside of jail and moves around Pakistan at will.
That's enraged India, which has repeatedly called for Saeed's prosecution over his alleged role in the 2008 Mumbai attack that killed more than 160 people.
LeT is accused by India and Washington of masterminding the four-day assault. Saeed has denied involvement.
One year after the terror attacks in Mumbai, people light up candles to commemorate the victims of the accident in front of the Hotel Trident Oberoi, Mumbai, India, November 26, 2009. /VCG Photo
"The victims of terrorist attacks deserve justice," U.S. acting assistant secretary of state for South Asia Alice Wells wrote on Twitter, calling for Saeed's "full and expeditious prosecution."
Since taking office in 2017, Trump has frequently singled out Islamabad for failing to rein in extremists and being an unfaithful partner in the fight against militants.
Khan's visit to Washington is seen as an opportunity for mending the acrimonious relationship between the two countries.
Even before the Mumbai attacks, Washington and New Delhi urged Pakistan to take action against LeT, which was banned by Islamabad in 2002 but re-branded itself as JuD and Falah-e-Insaniat Foundation (FIF). Both charities have long been considered fronts for militant activity targeting India.
Earlier this year, Pakistan arrested more than 100 suspected militants and shuttered hundreds of religious schools.
The arrests came during an ongoing crackdown on extremists, following clashes with India after a Pakistan-based group killed dozens of Indian security forces in a February suicide bombing in Kashmir.
The attack led to both countries staging tit-for-tat air raids, igniting fears of an all-out conflict as world powers pleaded for restraint.
Pakistan is also facing a potential blacklisting by the Financial Action Task Force, an anti-money-laundering monitor based in Paris, for failing to do enough to combat terror financing.
The organization is set to rule on the country's fate in the coming months after placing it on a watch list last year.
(Top image: Cleric Hafiz Saeed has been accused of masterminding the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks that caused the death of 166 people and injured hundreds, and declared a global terrorist by the U.S. and UN. /VCG Photo)